Pyramids of the Sun in Teotihuacan – Mexico
Pyramids, when we hear this name or read about it generally Egypt comes in your mind. But we tend to forget that there are other places too where you can find pyramids. There are many civilizations who have built pyramids. The first pyramid was built by the Egyptians and their pyramids are basically the tombs of their Pharaohs but the pyramids constructed by the Mesoamerican are basically the temples. These temples were like the center of the civilization’s religion. These pyramids housed their deities’ temples, and religious sacrifices were made in front of the temples.
The construction of the Egyptian Pyramids and the Mesoamerican pyramids are very different. The Egyptian Pyramids are huge whereas these Mesoamerican pyramids are not. The Egyptian Pyramids have the smooth side and are covered in white limestone with their tops covered with gold whereas the Mesoamerican Pyramids have pointed tips and were constructed in much later dates.
So let’s talk about one such Mesoamerican pyramid i.e. the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan, Mexico. It is believed that this Pyramid was constructed during the Aztec civilization around 200 CE. The Aztecs visited this after it was abandoned. It was constructed in two phases i.e. the first phase was constructed around 100 CE whereas the second phase resulted in its complete size of 224.942 meters across and 75 meters high making it the third largest pyramid in the world. The second phase of the construction also included the construction of the altar top of the pyramid which did not survive. It is said that the Adosada platform was added to the pyramid in the early third century. Now let us talk about the city in which this pyramid is constructed i.e. Teotihuacan which is in Mexico. The Teotihuacan which can also be written as Teotihuacán is a modern day Nahuati. It is an ancient Mesoamerican city which is located in the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico 40 km northeast of the modern day Mexico City. It is also known for its many Mesoamerican pyramids which were built during the pre-Columbian Americas. The Pyramid of the Moon is built on a smaller scale as compared to the Pyramid of the Sun. It is located on the north end of the city, along what is called the Avenue of the Dead.
These massive stone structures built in that area generally amazes the tourist and the people around it. It is said that when the Spanish conquistadors came to Mexico and questioned the Maya community about those ancient structures, they said that the Gods themselves created them. So upon the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Pyramid of the Sun had already been over a millennium old. There is also another pyramid in Teotihuacan known as the Pyramid of the Moon. According to Aztec tradition, it is said that these two famous structures could be traced back to its spiritual place in the universe.
This city is a highly organized. It was strictly governed by the secular and the pious leaders of the time. Generally, the priests formed a scholar elite group and were skilled astronomers. They used to keep track of major events and religious ceremonies throughout the year in the past centuries of city life.
Most of the buildings in the city were plastered along with the pyramids being painted in the bright red color. The latter were adorned with brightly painted and sculptured motifs. They often depicted the elaborated renderings of feathered serpents and other gods associated with the Mesoamerican culture or the Aztec Civilization. The Teotihuacan lay in the middle of the extensive Central American trade in the obsidian volcanic glass. The knives and blades of fine quality were found in great large quantity here. The city was also famous for its beautiful pottery, which is said to be sold for hundreds of miles away from this area.
It was said that the Teotihuacan would later be abandoned in between the 7th and 10th centuries. The first signs of strain appeared in about the 650 C.E. The population was already in negligence. Nearly fifty years later, when some great calamity, in fact, took place and the inhabitants of the city for the first time in centuries were fewer than 70,000. Also, many of the residents had previously left the city, moving to the east. Around 700 C.E. the city was deliberately burnt and many parts of it were destroyed. After that, many buildings surrounding that area collapsed and the pyramids were gradually reclaimed by the dense tropical vegetation. However, the memory of the magnificence and majesty of Teotihuacan and the Pyramid of the Sun would remain.
The beauty of this prodigious land is everlasting and explore the insights of this wonder make sure you visit the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan, Mexico. Go to Faremachine and book your tickets now.